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What are some other names for this medication?

  Leukine and Sargramostim are two brand names for Granulocyte/Macrophage colony stimulating factors (GM-CSF).

What does it do?

  Leukine and Sargramostim are man-made versions of substances called colony stimulating factors that are naturally produced in your body. These substances help your bone marrow make new white blood cells.

White blood cells fight infections. When your white blood cells are low you have a high risk for infection. Colony stimulating factors are given to help your white blood cells recover from chemotherapy and reduce your risk of infection. Your blood count will be monitored on a regular basis while you are taking these medications.

How is it given?

  Colony stimulating factors are injected directly into your vein through an IV (intravenously) or injected into the tissue between your skin and muscle (subcutaneously) using a needle and syringe.

What are some side effects I might experience?

 EARLY SIDE EFFECTS (May occur within one week after treatment)

       Burning sensation along the vein as the medicine is being injected

       Flu-like symptoms including muscle and joint aches, fever, fatigue, weakness and headaches

       Nausea and vomiting (rare)

       Diarrhea (rare)

       Rash (rare)

Please note: The side effects listed are the most common. All possible side effects are not included. Always contact your doctor if you have questions about your personal situation.

What are some precautions or recommendations I should know when taking this medication?

      Do not take aspirin or products containing aspirin unless your doctor prescribes them. These medications are often referred to as blood thinning pills. You may take acetaminophen (such as Tylenol) instead to relieve pain.

      Take anti-nausea medications only as prescribed by your doctor. Ask your doctor which over-the-counter medications you can take.

When should I call my doctor?

Call your doctor if you:

       Have a fever of 1004 0F (38 0C) or higher. (Call your doctor right away, day or night.)

       Have any other unusual symptoms.

       Have any questions or concerns.

This information is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or health care provider. Please consult your health care provider for advice about a specific medical condition.


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