Medications that Affect Sexual Function

What is sexual dysfunction?

Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem during any phase of the sexual response cycle that prevents the individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity. The sexual response cycle has four phases: excitement, plateau, orgasm and resolution. Sexual dysfunction can be caused by physical and emotional factors, or a combination of both. The side effects of some medications also can lead to sexual dysfunction.

What are the types of sexual dysfunction?

Sexual dysfunction generally is classified into four categories:

What medications can cause sexual dysfunction?

Some prescription medications and even over-the-counter drugs can have an impact on sexual functioning. Some medicines can affect libido (desire) and others can affect the ability to become aroused or achieve orgasm. The risk of sexual side effects is increased when an individual is taking several medications.

Sexual side effects have been reported with the following medications:

Non-prescription medicines

Some over-the-counter antihistamines and decongestants can cause erectile dysfunction or problems with ejaculation.

Antidepressants

The following medications may cause erectile dysfunction:

Anti-hypertensive medications (used to treat high blood pressure)

The following medications may decrease sexual desire:

Hormones
References:

 

This information is provided by the Cleveland Clinic and is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or health care provider. Please consult your health care provider for advice about a specific medical condition. For additional health information, please contact the Center for Consumer Health Information at the Cleveland Clinic (216) 444-3771 or toll-free (800) 223-2273 extension 43771. If you prefer, you may visit www.clevelandclinic.org/health/ or www.clevelandclinicflorida.org. This document was last reviewed on: 10/25/2016

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