First Aid for Eyes
First aid, no matter how simple, can make the difference in saving your eyesight. When an emergency happens, it is important to seek medical
attention for your eyes immediately after injury. A severe injury can lead to
infection, vision loss, or blindness. Using some of these simple first aid
techniques when an accident happens may help save your sight or the sight of someone else:
- Bleeding from the eye
Trauma to the
eye or head may cause bleeding of the eye. If you suspect that the blood is
coming from inside or is collecting in the eye, cover the eyes with a clean
cloth and dial 9-1-1, or go to the nearest emergency room. Be careful not to put any pressure on the eyeball.
- Chemical exposure in the eyes
If you are wearing contact lenses, remove them immediately. Keeping them in
your eyes may hold the chemical against the cornea, causing unnecessary damage
and pain. If you suspect chemicals have entered the eye, begin flushing them
immediately with cool water and continue to do so for approximately 15 minutes.
Seek immediate medical attention by dialing 9-1-1 or going to the nearest
emergency room. You will need to know the name of the chemical, or if possible,
take its container with you to the emergency room.
- Object in the eye
If you have an object in your eye, do not irritate your eye by rubbing it. You may try to remove the particle if it is not embedded in the eye. Do not try
to remove an object that is embedded in the eye. Seek emergency medical
attention by dialing 9-1-1, or by going to the nearest emergency room.
First, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water. This will prevent
further contamination or infection.
Try flushing the eye. Using your finger and thumb, gently pull the upper eyelid down over the top of the lower eyelid. This should cause tearing and flush the object out. You may need to repeat this action several times.
If tearing does not work, you may try flushing the particle out using cool water for as long as necessary. This can be done in a sink, with an outside hose, or a glass of water that is contaminant-free.
If you can see the object, you may try to remove it with a washcloth. Gently lift the upper or lower eyelid, and use a clean, wet washcloth to wipe the object away. If this does not work, seek immediate medical attention.
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