Preventing Sports-Related Injuries

General prevention guidelines

Before beginning an exercise program or training for an athletic event, follow a few simple guidelines to help prevent injuries.

Prevent injuries with a complete examination
Prevent injuries with proper attire and equipment
Prevent injuries by training and playing "smart"
Prevent injuries by training correctly
Warm-up and stretching

Prevent injuries by proper warm-up and stretching

Prevent injuries by stretching
First aid treatment for injuries (RICE)

*Seek medical attention if necessary*

Prevention of re-injury

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This information is provided by the Cleveland Clinic and is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or health care provider. Please consult your health care provider for advice about a specific medical condition. For additional health information, please contact the Center for Consumer Health Information at the Cleveland Clinic (216) 444-3771 or toll-free (800) 223-2273 extension 43771. If you prefer, you may visit or This document was last reviewed on: 12/13/2004